## Abstract

In this paper, we study a dynamic coloring of the vertices of a graph G that starts with an initial subset S of colored vertices, with all remaining vertices being uncolored. At each discrete time interval, a colored vertex with exactly one uncolored neighbor forces this uncolored neighbor to be colored. The initial set S is a zero forcing set of G if, by iteratively applying the forcing process, every vertex in G becomes colored. The zero forcing number Z(G) of G is the minimum cardinality of a zero forcing set of G. In this paper, we prove that if G is a connected, cubic, claw-free graph of order n≥ 6 , then Z(G) ≤ α(G) + 1 where α(G) denotes the independence number of G. Further we prove that if n≥ 10 , then Z(G)≤13n+1. Both bounds are shown to be best possible.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 673-688 |

Number of pages | 16 |

Journal | Bulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society |

Volume | 43 |

Issue number | 1 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 1 Jan 2020 |

## Keywords

- Claw-free
- Independence number
- Zero forcing number
- Zero forcing set

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- General Mathematics