Youth policies, programmes and priorities in South Africa: 1990-1995

Linda Chisholm, Candice Harrison, Shireen Motala

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Although unemployed and marginalised youth in South Africa enjoy a high priority in all policy documents in South Africa, few significant steps have been taken since the April 1994 elections to address their position. The paper argues that this needs to be understood in the context of the transition from mass youth organisations acting in civil society to state-directed programmes and policies as well as the weight of policy influence shifting from youth to organised business, labour and government. The paper reports on recent research on youth unemployment, education and training, describes the rise and fall of the youth lobby between 1990 and 1994, shows how both the youth development programme undertaken by the National Youth Service Initiative as well as state-run National Public Works Programmes have failed to target youth and integrate education and training in job creation programmes and examines the potential of new directions promised by the National Qualifications Framework.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-225
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Educational Development
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Development
  • Sociology and Political Science


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