Work-family conflict in Japan: How job and home demands affect psychological distress

Akihito Shimazu, Arnold B. Bakker, Evangelia Demerouti, Maria C.W. Peeters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of the present study was to examine how job and home demands are related to psychological distress in a sample of Japanese working parents with preschool children (n=196). We expected that job and home demands are partially related to psychological distress through work-to-family conflict (WFC) and family-to-work conflict (FWC), respectively. Structural equation modeling showed that, as expected, home demands were partially related to psychological distress, both directly and indirectly through FWC. In contrast, job demands were only directly related to psychological distress. The differences between the roles of FWC and WFC are discussed using identity theory.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)766-774
Number of pages9
JournalIndustrial Health
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Home demands
  • Job demands
  • Psychological distress
  • Spillover
  • Structural equation modeling
  • Work-family conflict

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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