Work engagement, performance, and active learning: The role of conscientiousness

Arnold B. Bakker, Evangelia Demerouti, Lieke L. Ten Brummelhuis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

263 Citations (Scopus)


The present study examines whether the relationship between work engagement and job performance is moderated by the extent to which individuals are inclined to work hard, careful, and goal-oriented. On the basis of the literature, it was hypothesized that conscientiousness strengthens the relationship between work engagement and supervisor ratings of task and contextual performance as well as active learning. The hypotheses were tested on a sample of 144 employees from several occupations. Results of moderated structural equation modeling supported the hypotheses. Work engagement was positively related to task performance, contextual performance, and active learning, particularly for employees high in conscientiousness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)555-564
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Vocational Behavior
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Active learning
  • Conscientiousness
  • Employee engagement
  • Job performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Applied Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies


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