Western Africa Region

Njabulo Kambule, Nnamdi Nwulu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


West Africa is one of the regions in Sub Saharan Africa and is made up of 16 nations. This chapter focuses on select countries in West Africa; specifically Ghana and Nigeria and analyses their experience with prepaid electricity metering. Ghana and Nigeria have electrification rates of 85% and 62% respectively. Prepaid metering was introduced in Ghana in the year 1995, whilst Nigeria introduced prepaid metering in 2005. Both nations introduced prepaid metering to improve revenue collection and ensure financial probity; however, this journey has not been without challenges. The primary challenge amongst others has been the lack of a nationwide prepaid metering roll-out and an unstable infrastructure for electricity units top-up. To combat this challenge, and ensure a widespread roll-out of prepaid meters, smart prepaid meters, which enable communication between the utility and the consumers, are proposed for both nations.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLecture Notes in Electrical Engineering
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages24
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Electrical Engineering
ISSN (Print)1876-1100
ISSN (Electronic)1876-1119


  • Electrification rate
  • Ghana
  • Nigeria
  • Prepaid metering
  • Smart prepaid meters
  • West Africa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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