Wear and corrosion studies of graphite-aluminum composite reinforced with micro/nano-TiB 2 via spark plasma sintering

M. O. Durowoju, E. R. Sadiku, S. Diouf, M. B. Shongwe, I. M. Makena, M. M. Ramakokovhu, P. A. Olubambi, A. A. Eze

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


The demand for lightweight materials in the automobile and aerospace industries has led to various researches on graphite and graphite-aluminum composites. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the addition of micron/nano TiB 2 particles on the properties of graphite-aluminum composite particularly the wear resistance. The powders were sintered at 550 °C and 50 MPa with more attention on the effect of the sintering temperature on densification, microhardness, coefficient of thermal expansion, wear and frictional force. The results show that the addition of nano TiB 2 reduces the densification while improving the hardness of Gr−Al composite with the lowest value being 96.0 % of relative density and the highest microhardness of 43.58 HV 0.1. The coefficient of thermal expansion and frictional force of the composite materials increases with increasing TiB 2 content and heating rate (100 °C/min–150 °C/min). TiB 2 particles enhance the wear resistance of graphite-aluminum composite. The addition of micro/nanoparticles of TiB 2 to graphite-aluminum composite increases its corrosion rate with improved passivation behavior in 3.5 wt.% NaCl solution. Nevertheless, 5 wt.% nano (100 °C/min) TiB 2 additions do not affect the overall corrosion rate. This work has shown that we can take advantage of some of the properties of TiB 2 to improve the performance of graphite-aluminum composite.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)126-139
Number of pages14
JournalMaterialwissenschaft und Werkstofftechnik
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2019


  • Corrosion
  • Graphite-aluminum composite
  • Spark plasma sintering
  • TiB particles
  • Wear

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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