Visible-light sensitization and recombination delay through coupling CaFe2O4 on Bi2O3 nanocomposite for high performance photocatalytic and antibacterial applications

Asad Syed, Abdallah M. Elgorban, Ali H. Bahkali, Mika Sillanpää

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The development of Bi2O3 based advanced photocatalytic materials has seen a momentous leap in recent decades. However, pure Bi2O3 suffers rapid e/h+ pair recombination rate and low visible light response. To improve its photocatalytic performance, CaFe2O4-Bi2O3 nano-heterojunction was constructed using ultrasonic assisted chemical co-precipitation method. The morphological analysis depicted the decoration of spherical CaFe2O4 on sheet-like Bi2O3 nanoparticles (NPs) surface. The interface in nanocomposites (NCs) promotes migration of charge carriers and improves its life time that was verified using photoluminescence study. The elemental composition of NCs was verified using XPS and EDAX. The photon absorption ability of NCs in visible region was favored by the energy bandgap of 2.16 eV. The NCs exhibited 8 to 16 fold increase in kinetic rate constant than Bi2O3 and CaFe2O4 for the methylene blue (MB) dye degradation. The dominant reactive oxygen species (ROS) in photodegradation process was found to be hydroxyl radicals (OH.). The NCs was magnetically recoverable with high reusable capacity. The multifunctionality of NCs as antibacterial agents was also investigated. The NCs greatly inhibited the growth of Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis. The current investigation provides a promising approach for photodegradation and bacterial inactivation by improved performance of CaFe2O4-Bi2O3 NCs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101336
JournalSurfaces and Interfaces
Volume26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antibacterial activity
  • CaFeO-BiO
  • Heterojunction
  • Methylene blue
  • Photocatalyst

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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