Validity and qualitative research: An oxymoron?

Anthony J. Onwuegbuzie, Nancy L. Leech

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

425 Citations (Scopus)


Although the importance of validity has long been accepted among quantitative researchers, this concept has been an issue of contention among qualitative researchers. Thus, the first purpose of the present paper is to introduce the Qualitative Legitimation Model, which attempts to integrate many of the types of validity identified by qualitative researchers. The second purpose of this article is to describe 24 methods for assessing the truth value of qualitative research. Utilizing and documenting such techniques should prevent validity and qualitative research from being seen as an oxymoron.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-249
Number of pages17
JournalQuality and Quantity
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Accountability
  • Criteria
  • Legitimation
  • Qualitative research
  • Rigor
  • Standards
  • Validity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • General Social Sciences


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