Validation and Testing of the Lived Poverty Index Scale (LPI) in a Poor South African Community

D. F. Meyer, E. Keyser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


The provision of basic needs is one of the integrated approaches to poverty alleviation. This study has its focus on the physical and material components of the concept of basic needs. Physical and material basic needs consist of a bouquet of components which are to a large extent interlink and related. Basic needs components include for example housing, basic services, income, food security and education. This study aims to identify the main basic needs components and also to test the validity and reliability of the basic needs scale used by Afrobarometer known as the “Lived Poverty Index” (LPI) in Africa. The scale officially consists of six statements focusing on basic needs. For the purpose of this study, the authors have added three additional statements, based on the literature review of basic needs, to the LPI. The additional statements complement the six original statements. It was confirmed that the LPI (basic needs) is a one-dimensional construct, and this finding is consistent with findings across various samples and groups within other countries. The study could serve as a standard concerning LPI (basic needs) for communities in South Africa and other developing countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-159
Number of pages13
JournalSocial Indicators Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Basic needs
  • Lived Poverty Index
  • Poverty alleviation
  • South Africa
  • Validation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • General Social Sciences


Dive into the research topics of 'Validation and Testing of the Lived Poverty Index Scale (LPI) in a Poor South African Community'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this