Using Internet of Things for sustainable groundwater drought management in the Modder River catchment of South Africa

Saheed A. Oke, Rebecca Alowo, Muthoni Masinde

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents the use of Internet of things (IoT) to solve the challenges encountered in groundwater management. We present a model for predicting the sustainability of groundwater at catchment scale, focusing on the Modder river catchment. IoT has turned out to be a standout amongst the most sought-after research subjects today. On the other hand, the concept of groundwater sustainability considers a long to medium term approach to management of groundwater. The methodology involved a detailed review and understanding most important groundwater processes and factors of an aquifer system that are related to drought management. A reflection on sustainability, the groundwater licensing tool, GIS mapping, impact of drought and sustainability in aquifers. The paper highlights the use of IoT development using the scores and ranking of climate, aquifer, equity and socio-economic factors. For the catchment that was the case study, a comparison of recharge was examined, yields, storativity, aquifer types, and lithology/rock types. This was also in addition to an assessment of the physical processes affecting groundwater systems at Modder catchment scale. A GIS map considering factors such as the climatic (climatic zones precipitation, sunshine, evapotranspiration, slope, topography), was plotted. Based on this approach, an IoTs drought decision making system is presented. Using results and findings, this paper confirms the increasing use of IoT for sustainable groundwater management.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2019 Open Innovations Conference, OI 2019
EditorsNixon Muganda Ochara, Julius Nyerere Odhiambo
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781728134642
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019
Externally publishedYes
Event2019 Open Innovations Conference, OI 2019 - Cape Town, South Africa
Duration: 2 Oct 20194 Oct 2019

Publication series

Name2019 Open Innovations Conference, OI 2019


Conference2019 Open Innovations Conference, OI 2019
Country/TerritorySouth Africa
CityCape Town


  • drought
  • Geographical Information Systems (GIS)
  • groundwater license
  • groundwater sustainability
  • Internet of Things (IoT)
  • rainfall

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Information Systems
  • Health Informatics
  • Education
  • Health (social science)
  • Sociology and Political Science


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