Used products return service based on ambient recommender systems to promote sustainable choices

Wen Jing Gao, Bo Xing, Tshilidzi Marwala

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Studies by the U.S. Academy of National Engineering show that in the United States, 93% of exploited resources are never transformed into final products, 80% of all products are one-way products, and 99% of the material contents of goods become waste within 6 weeks [1]. In addition to poor resource productivity, end-of-life (EoL) products, for example, waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE), end-of-life vehicle (ELV) and end-of-life tyres (ELT), have become a major environmental problem in the world. For example, in Europe alone, the annual volume of WEEE generated is estimated to be around 6-7 million tons per year [2] and is expected to rise to 95 million tons in 2010 all over the world if current development trends persist [3]. Meanwhile, every year, approximately 800 million scrap tyres are disposed around the globe. This amount is expected to increase by approximately 2% every year [4]. Their hazardous contents put human health at risk and pollute the earth. This fact triggers the awareness of environmentally conscious societies to manage an effective product recovery process.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDistributed Networks
Subtitle of host publicationIntelligence, Security, and Applications
PublisherCRC Press
Number of pages20
ISBN (Electronic)9781466559585
ISBN (Print)9781466559578
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science
  • General Engineering


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