Urban resident perceptions of the impacts of tourism development in Zimbabwe

Tembi M. Tichaawa, Sakhile Moyo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


This study examines the perceptions of urban residents towards the socio-economic and environmental consequences of tourism development in Zimbabwe. Perceptions were tested using empirical data that were gathered from a sample of 384 adult members, representing urban households in Bulawayo. The results from a semi-structured survey revealed that such sociodemographic variables as gender, education, length of stay and income are relatively predictable of their attitude towards tourism. Further, although the urban residents tended to perceive tourism impacts positively, they reacted more strongly to the environmental impacts involved than to the economic and sociocultural impacts. The urban geographic context of this study makes this finding significant, as it indicates that urban residents have an environmental consciousness with regard to tourism. The study has implications for tourism development planners and destination managers, in terms of enhanced engagement with the urban residents regarding tourism development, irrespective of the likelihood of residents supporting future development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-44
Number of pages20
JournalBulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Environmental impacts
  • Socio-economic
  • Support for tourism development
  • Urban residents
  • Zimbabwe

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Cultural Studies
  • Urban Studies


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