Uncovering the underlying relationship between transformational leaders and followers' task performance

Kimberley Breevaart, Arnold B. Bakker, Evangelia Demerouti, Dominique M. Sleebos, Véronique Maduro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of the present study was to unravel the mechanisms underlying the relationship between transformational leadership, follower work engagement, and follower job performance and to investigate a possible boundary condition of transformational leadership. We used structural equation modeling to test our model among 162 dyads consisting of one employee and their leader, who both filled out an online questionnaire. Followers reported more job resources and need fulfillment when their leader showed more transformational leadership behavior, and this contributed to followers' engagement and job performance. Consistent with our hypothesis, transformational leaders mainly fulfilled followers' needs when followers were high in need for leadership.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)194-203
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Personnel Psychology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Employee engagement
  • Job resources
  • Need for leadership
  • Transformational leadership

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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