U-Pb ages and morphologies of zircon in microgranitoid enclaves and peraluminous host granite: Evidence for magma mingling

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Granites of the S-type Wilson's Promontory Batholith (Lachlan Fold Belt, Australia) contain zircons which are euhedral and relatively large: their age is 395 Ma, which can be considered as the best available estimate of the crystallysation age of the granites. Contrary to their dominance in other S-type granites of the Lachlan Fold Belt, very few zircon cores give inherited ages, varying between 500 and 1700 Ma. Microgranitoid enclaves contained within the granites contain a zircon population that is dominated by relatively small, anhedral or elongated crystals. These give ages that are indistinguishable from the crystallisation age of the granite. Some enclaves, which are characterised by the presence of megacrysts, contain a proportion of larger, euhedral zircons. These zircons give inherited ages similar to the zircons from the granitic host rocks. The data are in agreement with a magma mingling origin for the microgranitoid enclaves. The large euhedral zircons are interpreted to have been introduced into the "enclave magma" during a hybridisation event which also introduced quartz and plagioclase megacrysts into the magma. The relatively high proportion of inherited cores within the "large" zircon population of the enclaves is related to the timing of mixing between "enclave" and host magma. This mixing event took place before the majority of the magmatic zircons crystallised in the granitic magma. The small, anhedral zircons within the enclaves crystallised during quenching of the globules of enclave magma against the cooler granitic magma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-189
Number of pages13
JournalContributions to Mineralogy and Petrology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1996
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology


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