Tuning the electronic structures, work functions, optical property and stability of bifunctional hybrid graphene oxide/V–doped NaNbO3 type–II heterostructures: A promising photocatalyst for H2 production

Francis Opoku, Krishna Kuben Govender, Cornelia Gertina Catharina Elizabeth van Sittert, Penny Poomani Govender

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The depleting sources of non–renewable fossil fuels and their adverse effect on the environment have driven the global interest to find an efficient and suitable material for hydrogen generation via a water splitting process. In this theoretical study, a bifunctional graphene oxide (GO)/V–doped NaNbO3(100) heterostructure photocatalyst having a high stability and activity is studied for the first time using hybrid density functional theory calculations. The suitable type–II heterojunction structure between NaNbO3(100) and GO sheet promoted the interfacial charge migration to restrain their recombination rate, thereby improving the activity of hydrogen generation. Moreover, the coupling GO sheet could offer conductive electron channels for the separation of electrons, hence further improve the photoresponse of NaNbO3. The GO/V–doped NaNbO3(100) heterostructure is a direct band gap semiconductor with a smaller effective mass compared with the pure NaNbO3, which shows that the heterostructure has a higher charge carrier mobility. Thus, the resulting bifunctional GO/V–doped NaNbO3(100) heterostructure is endowed with a suitable band alignment, narrow band gap, negatively charged O atoms on the NaNbO3(100) surface and enhanced separation of charge carriers. This study offers new insights and valuable outlook to development of GO–based photocatalyst with visible light activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-195
Number of pages9
JournalCarbon
Volume136
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science

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