Triple diffusive mixed convection along a vertically moving surface

P. M. Patil, Monisha Roy, S. Roy, E. Momoniat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents a numerical investigation on steady triple diffusive mixed convection boundary layer flow past a vertical plate moving parallel to the free stream in the upward direction. The temperature of the plate is assumed to be hotter compared to the surrounded fluid temperature. Sodium chloride and Sucrose are chosen as solutal components which are added in the flow stream from below with various concentration levels. The concentrations of NaCl-Water and Sucrose-Water are considered to be higher near the wall compared to the concentrations of NaCl-Water and Sucrose-Water within the free stream. The coupled nonlinear partial differential equations are transformed using the non-similarity variables and solved numerically by an implicit finite difference scheme with quasi-linearization technique. The effects of Richardson numbers, velocity ratio parameters, ratio of buoyancy parameters and Schmidt numbers of both the solutal components on the fluid flow, thermal and species concentration fields are investigated. Results indicate that the species concentration boundary layer thickness decreases with the increase of Schmidt numbers and that increases with the ratio of buoyancy parameters for both the species components. Overall, the mass transfer rate is found to increase with Schmidt numbers approximately 4.36% and 64.56% for NaCl and Sucrose, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)287-295
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Finite difference method
  • Mixed convection
  • Non-similar solutions
  • Quasi-linearization technique
  • Triple diffusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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