Towards a model of work engagement

Arnold B. Bakker, Evangelia Demerouti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1668 Citations (Scopus)


This paper aims to provide an overview of the recently introduced concept of work engagement. Qualitative and quantitative studies on work engagement are reviewed to uncover the manifestation of engagement, and reveal its antecedents and consequences. Work engagement can be defined as a state including vigor, dedication, and absorption. Job and personal resources are the main predictors of engagement; these resources gain their salience in the context of high job demands. Engaged workers are more creative, more productive, and more willing to go the extra mile. The findings of previous studies are integrated in an overall model that can be used to develop work engagement and advance career development in today's workplace.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-223
Number of pages15
JournalCareer Development International
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 9 May 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Employee attitudes
  • Employee participation
  • Human resource management
  • Job satisfaction
  • Organizational behaviour
  • The Netherlands

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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