TOF SIMS analysis, structure and photoluminescence properties of pulsed laser deposited CaS:Eu2+ thin films

R. L. Nyenge, S. K.K. Shaat, L. L. Noto, P. P. Mokoena, H. C. Swart, O. M. Ntwaeaborwa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


CaS:Eu2+ thin films were deposited on Si (100) substrates using the pulsed laser deposition technique to investigate the effect of argon (Ar), oxygen (O2), and vacuum deposition atmospheres on the structural, morphological and photoluminescence properties of the thin films. The phosphor target was ablated using a 266 nm Nd: YAG laser. X-ray diffraction, atomic force microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray, fluorescence spectrophotometry and time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry were used to characterize the thin films. The thin films prepared in oxygen were essentially amorphous, while those prepared in argon and vacuum showed some degree of crystallinity. The film deposited in Ar showed better photoluminescence intensity than those deposited in an O2 and vacuum. The emission observed at around 650 nm for all the films is attributed to the transitions from the excited 4f6[F07]5d1(t2g) state to the ground state 4f7(S7/28) of the Eu2+ ions. The emission at 618 nm, which is more prominent in the film prepared in O2, is ascribed to the D5→0F27transitions in Eu3+, suggesting that Eu2+ was unintentionally oxidized to Eu3+. The atomic force microscopy data showed that the film prepared in argon was rougher than those prepared in oxygen and vacuum.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)172-178
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Luminescence
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jul 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • CaS:Eu
  • PLD
  • Photoluminescence (PL)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • General Chemistry
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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