Thermal Diffusivity Behaviour of Multi-walled Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Ti6Al4V Metal Matrix Composites

A. Adegbenjo, B. Obadele, P. Olubambi, M. Shongwe, S. Adejuwon

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This study investigated the thermal diffusivity behaviours of spark plasma sintered (SPS) multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) reinforced Ti6Al4V composites containing 0, 1, 2 and 3 wt. % of the reinforcement respectively, over a range of 50 - 300 °C. The MWCNTs were dispersed into the Ti6Al4V matrices by high-energy ball milling (HEBM) technique and the milled composite powders were consolidated by SPS under a vacuum atmosphere. The sintering conditions employed were heating rate (100 °C/min), holding time at temperature (5 min), sintering temperature (850 °C) and applied pressure of 50 MPa. The relative densities of the composite discs were measured according to Archimedes' principle while the thermal diffusivities of as-sectioned composite samples were measured using the Laser Flash equipment. Relative densities of the synthesized nanocomposites deteriorated with increase in the weight fraction of MWCNTs added to Ti6Al4V. The thermal diffusivities of the composites containing 1 and 2 wt. % MWCNTs improved with increase in temperature and weight fraction of MWCNTs contents. A reverse trend was observed in the composite containing 3 wt. % MWCNTs, as the measured thermal diffusivities continued to drop with increase in temperature. Although this composite exhibited the best thermal diffusivities compared to the other composites up to 200 °C, a significant drop in thermal diffusivity was recorded between 250 and 300 °C respectively with the values lower than that of the unreinforced Ti6Al4V alloy. However, the thermal diffusivities of MWCNTs/Ti6Al4V composites were generally not dependent on their densification as the composites with higher weight fractions of the reinforcement had higher thermal diffusivities in spite of their lower relative densities.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012010
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 3 Apr 2019
Event4th International Conference on Structural NanoComposites, NANOSTRUC 2018 - Berlin, Germany
Duration: 23 May 201824 May 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering


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