The tunnelling and electron injection reliabilities for FG transistors

Bongani C. Mabuza, Saurabh Sinha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose - The purpose of this paper was to present the results of the three types of FG transistors that were investigated. The reliability issues of oxide thickness due to programming, fabrication defects and process variation may cause leakage currents and thus charge retention failure in the floating gate (FG). Design/methodology/approach - The tunnelling and electron injection methods were applied to program FG devices of different lengths (180 and 350 nm) and coupling capacitor sizes. The drain current and threshold voltage changes were determined for both gate and drain voltage sweep. The devices were fabricated using IBM 130 nm process technology. Findings - Current leakages are increasing with device scaling and reducing the charge retention time. During programming, charge traps may occur in the oxide and prevent further programming. Thus, the dominant factors are the reliability of oxide thickness to avoid charge traps and prevent current/charge leakages in the FG devices. The capacitive coupling (between the tunnelling and electron injection capacitors) may contribute to other reliability issues if not properly considered. Originality/value - Although the results have raised further research questions, as revealed by certain reliability issues, they have shown that the use of FGs with nanoscale technology is promising and may be suitable for memory and switching applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number17112084
Pages (from-to)108-115
Number of pages8
JournalMicroelectronics International
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • CMOS switches
  • Electron traps
  • Floating gates
  • Nanoscale
  • Threshold voltage shift

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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