The role of personal resources in the job demands-resources model

Despoina Xanthopoulou, Arnold B. Bakker, Evangelia Demerouti, Wilmar B. Schaufeli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1733 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined the role of three personal resources (self-efficacy, organizational-based self-esteem, and optimism) in the Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) model. The authors hypothesized that personal resources (1) moderate the relationship between job demands and exhaustion, (2) mediate the relationship between job resources and work engagement, and (3) relate to how employees perceive their work environment and well-being. Hypotheses were tested among 714 Dutch employees. Results showed that personal resources did not offset the relationship between job demands and exhaustion. Instead, personal resources mediated the relationship between job resources and engagement/exhaustion and influenced the perception of job resources. The implications of these findings for the JD-R model are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-141
Number of pages21
JournalInternational Journal of Stress Management
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Exhaustion
  • Job demands-resources model
  • Optimism
  • Organizational-based self-esteem
  • Personal resources
  • Self-efficacy
  • Work engagement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • General Business,Management and Accounting
  • Applied Psychology
  • General Psychology

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