The role of leisure crafting for emotional exhaustion in telework during the COVID-19 pandemic

Sascha Abdel Hadi, Arnold B. Bakker, Jan A. Häusser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

77 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: After the worldwide outbreak of COVID-19 in 2020, many employees transitioned from in-office work to telework to slow down the spread of the virus. Building on the Job Demands-Resources model, we examined day-level relationships between job demands, home demands and emotional exhaustion during telework. Moreover, we tested if leisure crafting (i.e., the proactive pursuit and enactment of leisure activities targeted at goal setting, socializing, growth and development) is negatively related to emotional exhaustion. We expected that proactive personality would be positively related to leisure crafting. Finally, emotional exhaustion was predicted to relate negatively to job performance. Methods: We tested our assumptions using a daily diary study on seven consecutive days with 178 employees (964 observations in total). Results: Multilevel path analysis supports the assumptions that daily job demands as well as daily home demands during telework are positively related to emotional exhaustion. As predicted, we found leisure crafting to be negatively related to emotional exhaustion, and proactive personality to be positively related to leisure crafting. Finally, emotional exhaustion was negatively related to job performance. Conclusions: Overall, our study supports a health-promoting role of leisure crafting above the unfavorable relationships between job demands and home demands with emotional exhaustion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)530-544
Number of pages15
JournalAnxiety, Stress and Coping
Volume34
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • home demands
  • job demands
  • leisure crafting
  • remote work
  • telework

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental Health

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