The relationship between economic growth and economic development: A regional assessment in south africa

Daniel Francois Meyer, T. M. Masehla, Sebastian Kot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


The concepts of economic development and economic growth differ significantly, but are in some instances used as interchangeable notions. It is important for policy formulators and decision makers to understand the relationship between the two. Development strategies should be formulated to achieve sustainable inclusive economic growth and economic development. These two economic concepts influence each other; however, there is limited clarity on the relationship. The aim of the study was to determine the relationship between these in the Vaal Triangle region, South Africa. Economic development is a broad concept and various methods can be used to measure it. For the purpose of this research, an economic development index was developed, which consists of employment, poverty levels and human development index (HDI). This index assists in the measurement of the relationship between economic development and economic growth. A time series econometric model was used to measure the relationship between the two variables. The results indicated that economic development causes economic growth in the long and short run. Therefore, it is important to focus on economic development, through improved HDI, increased employment and poverty alleviation, in order to achieve inclusive economic growth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1377-1385
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Advanced Research in Law and Economics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Economic development
  • Economic growth
  • Employment
  • Human development index
  • Poverty
  • South Africa
  • Vaal Triangle region

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Business,Management and Accounting
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Political Science and International Relations
  • Law


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