The potential role of tourism microentrepreneurship in the prevention of rhino poaching

Duarte B. Morais, David Bunn, Gijsbert Hoogendoorn, K. C. Birendra

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


Conservation in South Africa's Kruger National Park has evolved from protection of select wildlife species for hunting, to their subsequent protection for the viewing consumption by the wealthy. Gradually, tourism became a mechanism for funding conservation efforts and for the exclusion of indigenous residents from the use of resources. The historical exclusion of gateway communities from wildlife tourism revenues has led to conflict with conservation. In response, practices like benefit-sharing schemes have emerged but evidence suggests that these schemes are failing to engage community stakeholder groups in livelihood strategies that encourage wildlife conservation. The incubation of diffuse networks of local tourism microentrepreneurs selling experiences that leverage indigenous connections with the natural environment is an under-explored strategy that stands to contribute towards equitable endogenous development and the prevention of rhino poaching. This strategy requires a significant shift from the logic of benefit-sharing from conservation towards processes of co-management of natural resources.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)443-461
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Development Planning Review
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2018


  • Kruger National Park
  • Poaching
  • Rhino
  • South Africa
  • Wildlife tourism microentrepreneurship

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Development


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