The Management of Melasma on Skin Types v and VI Using Light Emitting Diode Treatment

Nomakhosi Mpofana, Heidi Abrahamse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: This study investigated light emitting diode (LED) treatment for patients with melasma on darker skin types. Background: Melasma is a common disfiguring skin condition in women which is difficult to treat and is refractory. The cause of melasma remains unclear. Methods: In this study, 60 female participants aged between 25 and 60 years, who presented with melasma, were enrolled (n = 39.85). They were purposely assigned to two groups according to their skin types. Both groups received a total of 36 LED light treatments over a period of 9 months. Results: Both subjective and objective results indicated a significant improvement of melasma. Statistical analyses revealed significant improvements in both groups. Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that LED is effective in managing melasma. These results will provide a basis for future therapeutic use of phototherapy to improve melasma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)522-529
Number of pages8
JournalPhotomedicine and Laser Surgery
Volume36
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018

Keywords

  • LED
  • Melasma
  • darker skin types
  • skin types V and VI
  • treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Imaging

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