The interaction of an asymmetrical localised synthetic jet on a side-supported sphere

N. Findanis, N. A. Ahmed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

79 Citations (Scopus)


A localised synthetic jet offers promise of an optimum and cost-effective practical method of delaying separation and promoting reattachment in fluids with solid body interactions. The asymmetric flow that may result from its use may also be beneficial in improving the aerodynamic performance of a lifting body. There are insufficient studies of synthetic jets, particularly on three-dimensional bluff bodies that are more representative of complex flows in real situations. A comprehensive study on an 80 mm diameter sphere designed with localised synthetic jet orifices was, therefore, conducted in an 18 in×18 in open circuit closed test-section wind tunnel at a Reynolds number of 5×104. The coefficient of pressure distribution was measured by continuously varying the location of the synthetic jet and compared with the no synthetic jet condition. The three-dimensional effects on the flow over the sphere body are particularly made apparent through the growth and the effects of the boundary layer and the deviation from potential flow. Overall, the synthetic jet had the effect of delaying the separation point and extending it further downstream on the sphere surface concomitantly producing a significant reduction in drag, providing solid support to the viability of strategically located synthetic jet when higher lift or lower drag is desired. A surprising discovery was the ability of the synthetic jet to improve the flow at the junction of the sting support and sphere. This has promising implications in devising methods to reduce interference drag that are common in many practical applications such as near junctions between wing and the fuselage. Crown

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1006-1020
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Fluids and Structures
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Boundary-layer
  • Drag
  • Flow separation
  • Localised synthetic jet
  • Surface pressure distribution
  • Three-dimensional

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'The interaction of an asymmetrical localised synthetic jet on a side-supported sphere'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this