THE IMPACTS OF ECOTOURISM AND CONSERVATION MEASURES IN PROTECTED AREAS ON LOCAL COMMUNITIES IN CAMEROON

Vyasha Harilal, Tembi M. Tichaawa, Jarkko Saarinen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The growth of ecotourism has an impact on the livelihoods of people living within and adjacent to protected areas, where ecotourism activities often take place. In some cases, evolving ecotourism has compromised the ability of locals to sustain and diversify their livelihoods. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of ecotourism and conservation measures implemented in protected areas in Cameroon on local communities residing either within or in close proximity to them. The study employed a mixed method research approach based on two case study areas in Cameroon (the Mount Cameroon National Park and the Douala Edea Wildlife Reserve). Key findings of the study suggest that the geographic location of communities, coupled with instituted conservation and preservation measures and the level of ecotourism activity, has a direct bearing on the severity of resultant impacts experienced by locals. Overall, measures in protected areas have been found to increase the conservation and preservation thereof. However, the extent to which communities are impacted upon by these measures differs in each case study area owing to factors such as geographical proximity, livelihood strategies, and community involvement in ecotourism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-103
Number of pages15
JournalTourism Review International
Volume45
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Cameroon
  • Ecotourism impacts
  • Environmental impacts
  • Livelihood strategies
  • Local communities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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