The impact of freight infrastructure investment on employment in South Africa

Nicholas Ngepah, Phindile N. Nkosi, A. E.Ndzignat Mouteyica, Charles Shaaba Saba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of the current study is to assess the economic impact of Transnet’s infrastructure investment on employment in the South African economy. We used data from Transnet, the South African Reserve Bank and Quantec dating from 1992 to 2016. Hausman–Taylor, pooled OLS, random effects and dynamic fixed effect models are used to validate the results. The estimated results reveal that capital investment in rail transportation creates employment, while investment in pipelines and seaports does not affect the employment level in the South African economy. In terms of the sectors of the economy, our findings show that Transnet’s investments in rail, seaports and pipelines have a significant impact on mining for all the skill levels. An analysis of each transportation mode reveals that investments in rail affect the employment in agriculture and mining sectors. For the seaports and pipelines, jobs originate from the mining, wholesale and retail sectors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-151
Number of pages19
JournalDevelopment Southern Africa
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Hausman and Taylor
  • Transnet’s investments
  • employment
  • endogeneity
  • panel causality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Development


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