The effects of fractional order on a 3-D quadratic autonomous system with four-wing attractor

Zenghui Wang, Yanxia Sun, Guoyuan Qi, Barend Jacobus Van Wyk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, a fractional 3-dimensional (3-D) 4-wing quadratic autonomous system (Qi system) is analyzed. Time domain approximation method (Grunwald-Letnikov method) and frequency domain approximation method are used together to analyze the behavior of this fractional order chaotic system. It is found that the decreasing of the system order has great effect on the dynamics of this nonlinear system. The fractional Qi system can exhibit chaos when the total order less than 3, although the regular one always shows periodic orbits in the same range of parameters. In some fractional order, the 4 wings are decayed to a scroll using the frequency domain approximation method which is different from the result using time domain approximation method. A surprising finding is that the phase diagrams display a character of local self-similar in the 4-wing attractors of this fractional Qi system using the frequency approximation method even though the number and the characteristics of equilibria are not changed. The frequency spectrums show that there is some shrinking tendency of the bandwidth with the falling of the system states order. However, the change of fractional order has little effect on the bandwidth of frequency spectrum using the time domain approximation method. According to the bifurcation analysis, the fractional order Qi system attractors start from sink, then period bifurcation to some simple periodic orbits, and chaotic attractors, finally escape from chaotic attractor to periodic orbits with the increasing of fractional order α in the interval [0.8,1]. The simulation results revealed that the time domain approximation method is more accurate and reliable than the frequency domain approximation method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-150
Number of pages12
JournalNonlinear Dynamics
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Bifurcation
  • Chaos
  • Four-wing attractor
  • Fractional order
  • Lyapunov exponent

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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