The effects of adding real estate into mixed-asset portfolios in South Africa

Gerard Wood, Peadar Davis, Abel Olaleye

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine the performance of asset classes in the South African investment market and assess the diversification benefits from adding listed property stock into domestic mixed-asset portfolios. Design/methodology/approach The data sets comprise of quarterly returns on property listed stock, all share, all bond and 90 day Treasury bill for the period of January, 1999 to December, 2009. Return-risk performance of all the assets were compared using mean return, standard deviation, mean standard deviation ratio, coefficient of variation and correlation coefficient. To determine return enhancement and risk reduction benefits of property listed stock in mixed-asset portfolios, 22 naïve portfolios (17 with property stock and five without) were constructed and, their return and risk levels, obtained using Markowitz's mean variance analysis, were compared. Findings The results showed that there was evidence of superior return and risk-adjusted performance of real estate stock over other assets. Also, adding property stock into mixed-asset portfolios was found to have produced enhanced and statistically significant risk-adjusted returns but minimal and insignificant risk reduction benefits. These results however are conditional on the percentage allocation to real estate and the asset class replaced. Research limitations/implications The study has implication for investors. They could consider the inclusion of listed property stock in their portfolios with the expectation of a significant risk-adjusted return enhancement but marginal risk reduction. Originality/value The paper is one of the few attempts at assessing the diversification benefits of listed property stock, especially from the perspective of African emerging market.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)272-282
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Financial Management of Property and Construction
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 8 Nov 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Diversification benefits
  • Listed property stock
  • Mixed-asset portfolio
  • Portfolio investment
  • Real estate
  • South Africa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Accounting
  • Finance
  • Economics and Econometrics


Dive into the research topics of 'The effects of adding real estate into mixed-asset portfolios in South Africa'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this