The dimensionality of the Work Related Flow Inventory (WOLF): A South African study

Ita Geyser, Madelyn Geldenhuys, Freddie Crous

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


The objective of this study was to validate and explore the factor structure of the Work-Related Flow Inventory (WOLF) as a measure of flow within the South African work context. The sample consisted of N = 415 employees from various organisations in South Africa (females = 56.8%, White = 67.8%, single = 46%, English = 34.6%, 18 to 30 = 76.4% and various types of industries and positions). They completed the Work Related Flow Inventory (WOLF), the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES) and the Job Satisfaction Scale (JSS). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) revealed that the WOLF has three dimensions, consisting of absorption, work enjoyment and intrinsic work motivation that fit the data best. The findings further suggest that absorption and work enjoyment relates to work engagement. Convergent validity evidence indicated work absorption, work enjoyment and intrinsic motivation to correlate with both work engagement and job satisfaction in a South African working context. Work enjoyment had the strongest link with job satisfaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)282-287
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Psychology in Africa
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Confirmatory factor analysis
  • Flow
  • Job satisfaction
  • Validation
  • Work engagement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


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