The development and validation of a measure of racial justice perceptions

Kevin Durrheim, Kim Baillie, Leigh Johnstone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


We report three studies that develop and test a new measure of racial attitudes, the Racial Justice Scale (RJS). The concept of racial justice was developed inductively in Study 1 by means of a thematic analysis of existing measures of racial attitudes as well as a database of over 7 000 comments about racism and discrimination, taken from South African newspapers. Studies 2 and 3 investigate the reliability and validity of the RJS, and compare it with Duckitt's measure of subtle racism. The data suggest that the preliminary RJS, reported in Appendix 2, is a unidimensional and reliable measure. Although the two studies provide a mixed picture of its correlates, it does measure a different construct of racial attitudes to Duckitt's scale, which is strongly correlated with old-fashioned racism. Participation in all the studies was done on a voluntary basis, with full informed consent of the participants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)615-632
Number of pages18
JournalSouth African Journal of Psychology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Justice perceptions
  • Measurement
  • Race attitudes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


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