The built environment craftmanship in higher education institutions: issues and prospects from stakeholders' perception

Andrew Ebekozien, Clinton Aigbavboa, Matthew Ikuabe, Wellington Didibhuku Thwala

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: Nigeria has one of the highest graduate unemployment rates in Africa, and there is no comprehensive policy framework to address it. Evidence shows that integrating craftsmanship into higher education academic programmes can enhance graduate employability. Therefore, there is a need to integrate it into the built environment programmes at institutions in Nigeria. The built environment craftmanship (BEC) in Nigeria's HEIs may have had some challenges, although studies about these challenges are scarce. In this regard, the study investigated BEC's perceived encumbrances and proffered measures to integrate craftsmanship skills in Nigerian HEIs built environment programmes. Design/methodology/approach: The research adopted a qualitative research design using a virtual interview approach to solicit data from 34 experts across Nigeria. An exploratory approach was used to engage selected HEIs in Nigeria and thematic analysis was adopted to analyse the collected data, and saturation was achieved. Findings: The study findings indicate that integrating BEC in built environment programmes will enhance graduate employment. However, possible encumbrances like institutional frameworks, funding, infrastructural development and pedagogical and social-cultural issues were found to be affecting BEC's integration into built environment programmes at higher education in Nigeria. Research limitations/implications: Future studies should explore more detailed large-scale investigations about integrating craftsmanship into higher education institution (HEI) programmes. Originality/value: Given the dearth of pragmatic studies on the built environment graduates' unemployment in Nigeria, this research contributes to the academic community debates on reducing graduates' unemployment via BEC in HEIs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)492-509
Number of pages18
JournalEducation and Training
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 10 May 2023


  • Construction practitioners
  • Craft experts
  • Encumbrances
  • Nigeria
  • Training needs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Business, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)


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