Terminal phosphinidene complexes CpR(L)M=PAr of the group 9 transition metals cobalt, rhodium, and iridium. Synthesis, structures, and properties

Arjan T. Termaten, Halil Aktas, Marius Schakel, Andreas W. Ehlers, Martin Lutz, Anthony L. Spek, Koop Lammertsma

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70 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Novel terminal rhodium- and cobalt-complexed phosphinidenes, Cp*(PR3)Rh=PAr (3-5) and Cp(PPh3)Co=PAr (8), were obtained by dehydrohalogenation of the primary phosphine complexes Cp*RhCl2(PH2Ar) (2) and CpCoI2(PH2Ar) (7) in the presence of a phosphine. X-ray crystal structures are reported for Cp*(PPh3)Rh=PMes* (3) and Cp(PPh3)Co=PMes* (8). A comparative reactivity study and a computational survey were performed on the Co-, Rh-, and Ir-containing phosphinidene complexes. All react with organic dihalides to form phosphaalkenes, with the rhodium congener being far more reactive than the iridium and cobalt complexes. Density functional theory calculations give geometrical parameters and 31P NMR chemical shifts in good agreement with experimental data. The rhodium congeners exhibit the most pronounced charge separation of the Rh=P bond, which may explain its higher reactivity. The M-L bond is strong in all Cp(L)M=PH (M = Co, Rh, Ir) complexes and inhibits reactivity at the metal center. Comparisons with the Zr-containing complex Cp2(PH3)Zr-PH are made.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1827-1834
Number of pages8
JournalOrganometallics
Volume22
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Apr 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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