Template-free synthesis of self-assembled Co3O4 micro/nanocrystals

R. Amutha, S. Akilandeswari, M. Muruganandham, Mika Sillanpää, Bashir Ahmmad, Takahiro Ohkubo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


In this article, we have reported the fabrication of various morphological porous Co3O4 by thermal decomposition of cobalt oxalate at open atmospheric conditions. Uniform cobalt oxalate microrods and microneedles were synthesized without using any surfactants or templates in large scale. The cobalt oxalate preparation method was played a crucial role on the crystal structure and its morphology. The as prepared cobalt oxalates and its corresponding cobalt oxides were characterized by using the thermogravimetric analysis, X-ray diffraction (XRD), field-emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and nitrogen adsorption analysis. The XRD results indicated that the orthorhombic and monoclinic cobalt oxalates were formed in different experimental conditions. The influence of preparation method of cobalt oxalates and cobalt precursors on the final morphology has been investigated. The M-H loop of the Co3O 4 porous microrods and microneedles showed the presence of paramagnetic properties at room temperatures. A plausible mechanism of both cobalt oxalates and Co3O4 formation was proposed based on the experimental results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3171-3179
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • CoO
  • Cobalt Oxalate
  • Magnetic Properties
  • Self-Assembly
  • Thermal Decomposition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • General Chemistry
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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