Techno-Economic Analysis of Hybrid PV-Wind-Diesel-Battery Standalone and Grid-Connected Microgrid for Rural Electrification in Zimbabwe

Simbarashe Raphael Mhandu, Omowunmi Mary Longe

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The diminishing factor in the availability of fossil fuels has led to failure of the traditional grids to meet the ever-growing load demand in Zimbabwe. Hence, the utility provider prioritizes meeting urban demand over rural demand with its limited generation capacity. Therefore, this study addresses how to improve electricity access to rural areas in Zimbabwe through the design of a hybrid microgrid, that is powered by solar and wind energy sources, for an unelectrified rural location in Zimbabwe called Kagoro village in Mhondoro. The proposed hybrid model showed that a Photovoltaic-Wind-Diesel-Storage system with no tracking system has the lowest Levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) and net present cost (NPC) with a high renewable energy fraction (RF) of 97.7%. The proposed microgrid system could supply electricity to the target community at 0.223/kWh and 0.05790/kWh in standalone and grid-connected modes respectively with a payback period of 5.6 years, making it a good business case for would-be investors.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2022 IEEE Nigeria 4th International Conference on Disruptive Technologies for Sustainable Development, NIGERCON 2022
EditorsKennedy Chinedu Okafor, Ifeyinwa E. Achumba, Steve A. Adeshina, Omowunmi Mary Longe, Faruk Nasir, Ikechukwu Ignatius Ayogu
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781665479783
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Event4th IEEE Nigeria International Conference on Disruptive Technologies for Sustainable Development, NIGERCON 2022 - Lagos, Nigeria
Duration: 17 May 202219 May 2022

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 2022 IEEE Nigeria 4th International Conference on Disruptive Technologies for Sustainable Development, NIGERCON 2022

Conference

Conference4th IEEE Nigeria International Conference on Disruptive Technologies for Sustainable Development, NIGERCON 2022
Country/TerritoryNigeria
CityLagos
Period17/05/2219/05/22

Keywords

  • Hybrid Optimization of Multiple Electric Renewables (HOMER)
  • Hybrid Renewable Energy Sources (HRES) Microgrid
  • Renewable Energy
  • Solar Photovoltaic (PV)
  • Wind Turbine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Information Systems and Management
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Development

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