Teachers’ perspectives on the use of differentiated instruction in inclusive classrooms: Implication for teacher education

Charity Neejide Onyishi, Maximus Monaheng Sefotho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Implementing differentiated instruction (DI) in inclusive classrooms presents many challenges that often limit the teachers’ ability to use the strategy. Research tends to indicate that, though DI is a viable approach to meeting the le individual learner’s needs in mixed ability classrooms; it is poorly implemented in regular schools. This study sought to investigate the perspectives of primary school teachers on the use of DI in an inclusive classroom in Enugu state, Nigeria. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design using a sample of 382 primary school teachers in the study area. Data were collected using a validated researcher-developed Teachers’ Use of Differentiated Instruction Questionnaire (TUDIQ). Percentages, pie-charts, and bar charts were used in analyzing and presentation of data collected for the study. Results indicated that the extent to which teachers implement DI was low, and time constraint limits the use of DI. The results further revealed that teachers need more information on how to develop rubrics; students’ directed assessments; how to manage large class while implementing DI; how to use differentiated instruction without watering down the curriculum contents; the need for changes in classroom structure to accommodate small groups; and the need for more training on DI and the provision of diverse learning aids in schools. The implication for teacher education is that DI has to form critical curriculum content for colleges of education and faculties of Education in the Universities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)136-150
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Higher Education
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Differentiated instruction
  • Diverse learners
  • Inclusive education
  • Teachers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


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