Synthetic organic antibiotics residues as emerging contaminants waste-to-resources processing for a circular economy in China: Challenges and perspective

Yuwen Zhou, Wen bing Li, Vinay Kumar, Mohamed Chaker Necibi, Yin Jun Mu, Chang ze Shi, Deepshi Chaurasia, Shraddha Chauhan, Preeti Chaturvedi, Mika Sillanpää, Zengqiang Zhang, Mukesh Kumar Awasthi, Ranjna Sirohi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Synthetic antibiotics have been known for years to combat bacterial antibiotics. But their overuse and resistance have become a concern recently. The antibiotics reach the environment, including soil from the manufacturing process and undigested excretion by cattle and humans. It leads to overburden and contamination of the environment. These organic antibiotics remain in the environment for a very long period. During this period, antibiotics come in contact with various flora and fauna. The ill manufacturing practices and inadequate wastewater treatment cause a severe problem to the water bodies. After pretreatment from pharmaceutical industries, the effluents are released to the water bodies such as rivers. Even after pretreatment, effluents contain a significant number of antibiotic residues, which affect the living organisms living in the water bodies. Ultimately, river contaminated water reaches the ocean, spreading the contamination to a vast environment. This review paper discusses the impact of synthetic organic contamination on the environment and its hazardous effect on health. In addition, it analyzes and suggests the biotechnological strategies to tackle organic antibiotic residue proliferation. Moreover, the degradation of organic antibiotic residues by biocatalyst and biochar is analyzed. The circular economy approach for waste-to-resource technology for organic antibiotic residue in China is analyzed for a sustainable solution. Overall, the significant challenges related to synthetic antibiotic residues and future aspects are analyzed in this review paper.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113075
JournalEnvironmental Research
Volume211
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2022

Keywords

  • Antibiotic contamination
  • Antibiotic degradation
  • Antibiotic residues
  • Circular economy
  • Waste to resource technology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • General Environmental Science

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