Synthesis of novel Fe doped MoS2/BiVO4 magnetic composite for enhanced photocatalytic and antimicrobial activity

Muhammad Munir Sajid, Haifa Zhai, Naveed Akhtar Shad, Thamer Alomayri, Muhammad Aamir Hassan, Yasir Javed, Nasir Amin, Zhengjun Zhang, Mika Sillanpaa, Muhammad Aamir Iqbal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Here we report, the synthesis of a novel Fe doped MoS2/BiVO4 (Fe@MoS2/BiVO4) magnetic heterostructure composites by sonication-assisted hydrothermal method. The as-prepared composites were characterized by XRD, SEM, EDX, FTIR, XPS, BET, PL, and EPR techniques for crystal structures, morphology, surficial chemical properties, photocatalysis and antimicrobial properties. For photocatalysis, Fe@MoS2/BiVO4 p-n heterojunction was applied against methylene blue dye in the visible light range and superior degradation was achieved. The photocatalytic degradation and involved mechanism were also confirmed by the scavenger and total organic test (TOC). The incorporation of composite materials was realized to reduce the bandgap energy and this reduction may facilitate the ability to absorb more energy in the visible light spectrum. The enhanced photocatalytic activity of Fe@MoS2/BiVO4 could be attributed to a large carrier lifetime, appropriate energy bandgap that is built in by p-n heterojunction of MoS2 and BiVO4 inhibited the recombination of charge-carriers owed to the synergistic effect of Fe@MoS2/BiVO4. The antimicrobial investigation of 1 wt% Fe@MoS2/BiVO4 was studied against Escherichia coli (E. coli), and it exhibited well antimicrobial response. Based on these findings, the photocatalytic mechanism, the p-n junction formation mechanism of Fe-doped MoS2/BiVO4, and possible antimicrobial mechanisms are proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110589
JournalInorganic Chemistry Communication
Publication statusPublished - May 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Antimicrobial properties
  • Hydrothermal route
  • Methylene blue
  • Photocatalysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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