Synthesis and characterization of poly(propylene imine) dendrimer - Polypyrrole conducting star copolymer

Abd Almonam A. Baleg, Nazeem M. Jahed, Omotayo A. Arotiba, Stephen N. Mailu, Nicolette R. Hendricks, Priscilla G. Baker, Emmanuel I. Iwuoha

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18 Citations (Scopus)


A star copolymer based on poly(propylene imine) (PPI) dendrimer core (generations 1-4) and polypyrrole (PPy) shell was prepared. The synthesis procedure involved a condensation reaction between PPI surface primary amine and 2-pyrrole aldehyde to give the pyrrole-functionalized PPI dendrimer (PPI-2Py). The pyrrole units on the dendrimer backbone were polymerized chemically using ammonium persulfate as an oxidizing agent and electrochemically on a coated platinum electrode with PPI-2Py using cyclic voltammetry. The resulting star copolymer, called poly(propylene imine)-co-polypyrrole (PPI-co-PPy) was characterized using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (X-RD) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). NMR of PPI-2Py gave a new chemical shift at 8.1 ppm for NCH, which confirmed the incorporation of 2-pyrrole aldehyde into the PPI dendrimer structure. Strong FT-IR bands appeared at 1634 cm-1 for ν(NC) in the dendrimer moiety, and at 729 cm-1 for ν(CH) at the α-position of the PPy ring. The PPI-co-PPy exhibited improved thermal stability than PPI-2Py and ionic conductivity over pristine polypyrrole as interpreted from the TGA and EIS profiles respectively. Hall effect measurements showed that the star copolymer is a semiconductor with an electronic conductivity of 0.7 S cm-1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18-25
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Electroanalytical Chemistry
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
  • Poly(propylene imine)-co-polypyrrole
  • Polypropylene imine dendrimer
  • Polypyrrole
  • Star copolymer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Electrochemistry


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