Synthesis and characterization of curcumin loaded polymer/lipid based nanoparticles and evaluation of their antitumor effects on MCF-7 cells

Sathish Sundar Dhilip Kumar, Ayyavu Mahesh, Surianarayanan Mahadevan, Asit Baran Mandal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

86 Citations (Scopus)


Background Hybrid materials are synthesized using hydrophilic polymer and lipids which ensure their long term systemic circulation through intravenous administration and enhance loading of hydrophobic drugs. The purpose of this study is to prepare, characterize and evaluate the in vitro efficacy of curcumin loaded poly-hydroxyethyl methacrylate/stearic acid nanoparticles in MCF-7. Methods C-PSA-NPs, prepared using the emulsification-solvent evaporation method were characterized by dynamic laser scattering, SEM, AFM, FT-IR, X-ray diffraction, and TGA. The in vitro release behavior was observed in PBS pH 7.4, the anticancer potential was analyzed by MTT assay, cell cycle and apoptosis studies were performed through flow cytometry. C-PSA-NPs drug localization and cancer cell morphological changes were analyzed in MCF-7 cell line. Results C-PSA-NPs exhibited the mean particle size in the range of 184 nm with no aggregation. The surface charge of the material was around - 29.3 mV. Thermal studies (TGA) and surface chemistry studies (FT-IR, XRD) showed the existence of drug curcumin in C-PSA-NPs. The MTT assay indicated higher anticancer properties and flow cytometry studies revealed that there were better apoptotic activity and maximum localization of C-PSA-NPs than curcumin. Conclusions Polymer lipid based drug delivery appeared as one of the advancements in drug delivery systems. Through the present study, a novel polymer lipid based nanocarrier delivery system loaded with curcumin was demonstrated as an effective and potential alternative method for tumor treatment in MCF-7 cell line. General significance C-PSA-NPs exhibited potent anticancer activity in MCF-7 cell line and it indicates that C-PSA-NPs are a suitable carrier for curcumin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1913-1922
Number of pages10
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - General Subjects
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Curcumin
  • Drug delivery system
  • Polyhydroxyethyl methacrylate
  • Polymeric lipid nanoparticle
  • Stearic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology


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