Synthesis and characterization of CDs/Al2O3 nanofibers nanocomposite for Pb2+ ions adsorption and reuse for latent fingerprint detection

B. G. Fouda-Mbanga, E. Prabakaran, K. Pillay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study reports a new approach of preparation of carbon dots coated on aluminum oxide nanofibers (CDs/Al2O3NFs) nanocomposite and reusing the spent adsorbent of lead (Pb2+) ions loaded adsorbent (Pb2+-CDs/Al2O3NFs) nanocomposite for latent fingerprint detection (LFP) after removing Pb2+ ions from aqueous solution. CDs/Al2O3NFs nanocomposite was prepared by using CDs and Al2O3NFs with adsorption processes. The prepared nanocomposite was then characterized by using UV–visible spectroscopy (UV–visible), Fourier transforms infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Fluorescence, X-ray diffraction pattern (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), Zeta potential, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The average size of the CDs was 51.18 nm. The synthesized CDs/Al2O3NFs nanocomposite has proven to be a good adsorbent for Pb2+ ions removal from water with optimum pH 6, dosage 0. 2 g/L. The results were best described by the Freundlich Isotherm model. The adsorption capacity of CDs/Al2O3NFs nanocomposite showed the best removal of Pb2+ ions with qm = (177. 83 mg/g), when compared to the previous reports. This adsorption followed the pseudo-second order kinetic model. ΔG and ΔH values indicated spontaneity and the endothermic nature of the adsorption process. CDs/Al2O3NFs nanocomposite therefore showed potential as an effective adsorbent. The data were observed from adsorption–desorption after 6 cycles which showed good adsorption stability and re- usability of CDs/Al2O3NFs nanocomposite. Furthermore, the spent adsorbent of Pb2+-CDs/Al2O3NFs nanocomposite has proven to be sensitive and selective for LFP detection on various porous substrates. Hence Pb2+-CDs/Al2O3NFs nanocomposite can be reused as a good fingerprint labelling agent in LFP detection so as to avoid secondary environmental pollution by disposal of the spent adsorbent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6762-6781
Number of pages20
JournalArabian Journal of Chemistry
Volume13
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020

Keywords

  • CDs/AlONFs nanocomposite
  • Lead adsorption
  • Powder dusting method
  • Reusable for latent fingerprint detection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering

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