Synthesis and application of novel α-Fe2O3/graphene for visible-light enhanced photocatalytic degradation of RhB

Sana Frindy, Mika Sillanpää

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hematite α-Fe2O3 nanoparticle synthesis via a facile and eco-friendly hydrothermal method has been hybridized by different loading of graphene obtained by the pyrolysis of biopolymers (alginate, chitosan and carrageenan). The resulting α-Fe2O3-Gr catalyst shows a high catalytic activity of ~98% toward RhB degradation under visible light irradiation. The existence of N and S heteroatoms on the surface of the graphene affects the size of nanoparticles and the specific surface area in the α-Fe2O3-Gr, with a negative effect on catalytic performance. Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) studies showed that the hydroxyl radical [rad]OH was the main reactive species responsible for the degradation of RhB. The reusability of α-Fe2O3-Gr was studied and the catalyst kept good stability and high activity over four cycles with no change in the morphology of the catalysts. Interestingly, incorporation of graphene into hematite nanoparticles resulted in superior photocatalytic activity compared to α-Fe2O3 loaded on carbon nanotubes, active carbons and biochar.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108461
JournalMaterials and Design
Volume188
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Graphene
  • Hematite α-FeO
  • Hydrothermal
  • Photo-Fenton reaction
  • Photocatalytic
  • RhB degradation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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