## Abstract

The third-order ODE y^{n} y^{‴} = 1 obtained by investigating travelling-wave solutions or steady-state solutions of the lubrication equation is considered. The third-order ODE y^{n} y^{‴} = 1 admits two generators of Lie point symmetries. These generators of Lie point symmetries effect a reduction of the third-order ODE to first order. The problem is to determine the initial values of the second derivative, when the initial height and gradient are specified, for which a solution to y^{n} y^{‴} = 1 touches the contact line y = 0. Phase planes corresponding to different representations of the first-order ODE for the cases n < 2, n = 2 and n > 2 are analyzed. For the case n < 2 we are able to determine the initial values of the second derivative for which the solution touches the contact line. For n ≥ 2 no values of the initial second derivative are obtained for which a solution touches the contact line. A symmetry reduction of autonomous first integrals of the third-order ODE y^{n} y^{‴} = 1 is then investigated. For the cases n = 0, n = 5 / 4 and n = 5 / 2 the third-order ODE admits second-order autonomous first integrals. The case n = 5 / 4 is special because the second-order autonomous first integral admits the same two generators of Lie point symmetries as the original third-order ODE and can hence be reduced to an algebraic equation. Investigations of the phase plane for the case n = 5 / 4 shows that the original third-order ODE satisfies the contact line condition y = 0 for initial values of the second derivative y^{″} (0) ≤ - sqrt(3).

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 215-225 |

Number of pages | 11 |

Journal | Mathematical and Computer Modelling |

Volume | 49 |

Issue number | 1-2 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - Jan 2009 |

Externally published | Yes |

## Keywords

- First integral
- Lie point symmetries
- Lubrication equation
- Thin film

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Modeling and Simulation
- Computer Science Applications