Sugar-reduced gelatin-capped silver nanoparticles with high selectivity for colorimetric sensing of Hg 2+ and Fe 2+ ions in the midst of other metal ions in aqueous solutions

Bambesiwe M.M. May, Oluwatobi S. Oluwafemi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Green synthesized dextrose and maltose-reduced silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) were investigated for colorimetric sensing of metal ions at different concentrations and reaction time. The synthesized Ag-NPs were characterized using UV-Visible spectroscopy (UV-Vis), Fourier transform Infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and dynamic light scattering (DLS). Both maltose and dextrose-reduced Ag-NPs were highly sensitive and selective to Hg 2+ and Fe 2+ ions over other metal ions at higher metal ion concentration. This was accompanied with a colour change from yellowish solution to colourless for Hg 2+ ions and from yellowish solution to greenish for Fe 2+ ions. Our findings also showed that dextrose-reduced Ag-NPs resulted in better colorimetric sensing of metal ions than maltose-reduced Ag-NPs. Both Ag-NPs solutions were highly sensitive and selective towards Hg 2+ ions at lower concentration up to 10-12 M with a linear regression coefficient value (R2) of 0.9792 and 0.9740 for maltose and dextrose reduced Ag-NPs respectively. The study on variation of reaction time showed that the sensing reaction can be carried out within a short reaction time of 30 s.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8096-8108
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Electrochemical Science
Volume11
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Colorimetric sensor
  • Dextrose
  • Green synthesis
  • Maltose
  • Metal ion
  • Silver nanoparticles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry

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