Study and promotion of safety culture using mixed methods research

Daiane Brigo Alves, Elisiane Lorenzini, Nelly Oelke, Anthony John Onwuegbuzie, Adriane Cristina Bernat Kolankiewicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


With a positive safety culture, institutions offer the best quality and safe care to their patients. The objective of this study was to analyze patient safety culture from the perspective of the multidisciplinary team, to identify factors that influence patient safety culture, and to create/promote - jointly with the study participants - strategies for improving processes of change. The study design represented a mixed methods research approach, with a sequential explanatory design. A multidisciplinary team of workers at a general hospital was eligible for the study. To collect quantitative data, we administered the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ). The qualitative phase was accomplished via focus groups (FGs), with participants from the first phase of the study using the principles of deliberative dialogue (DD) as a knowledge-translation strategy. The STROBE guideline was used to develop the study. The overall SAQ score was positive (75.1 ± 10.4). Negative scores were found in the fields of Safety Climate, Working Conditions, and Stress Recognition. Focus group discussions identified the aspects that create a negative impact on safety culture, such as ineffective communication, punitive approach in the event of errors, the lack of commitment and adherence to the protocols, and the non-recognition of the stress and the mistakes. Actions for the promotion of safety culture were developed and implemented during the study. The use of the principles of DD as a strategy for knowledge translation (KT) made it possible to identify and plan for joint actions to generate improvements in safety culture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-139
Number of pages11
JournalFrontiers of Nursing
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • deliberative dialogue
  • knowledge translation
  • mixed methods
  • organizational culture
  • patient safety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing
  • Education


Dive into the research topics of 'Study and promotion of safety culture using mixed methods research'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this