Studies related to employment of persons with intellectual disability: A systematic review

Udeme Samuel Jacob, Jace Pillay

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


BACKGROUND: There are still a lot of countries that do not provide employment opportunities to people with intellectual disability (ID). Ten years after the UN passed the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, it is important to review existing studies on the employment of individuals with intellectual disabilities. OBJECTIVE: In this study, researchers reviewed studies that examined the employment of people with intellectual disability. METHOD: A thorough search of various bibliographic databases identified 1005 academic papers. Ten studies on the employment of persons with intellectual disabilities met the criteria for in-depth analysis. RESULTS: Employment is vital for individuals with intellectual disability, but predetermined employment options and parent-related factors may limit their access to the labour market. Efforts must be made to ensure a seamless progression from school to work. Lack of support makes bridging the gap between individual capacity and societal demands challenging. For people with intellectual disability to increase employment opportunities, stakeholders must work together. CONCLUSION: An intervention to support and follow up on older employees with intellectual disability will be greatly appreciated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-181
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Vocational Rehabilitation
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Employment
  • intellectual disability
  • job placement
  • sheltered employment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Occupational Therapy


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