Structural and morphological characterization of photoluminescent cerium-doped near UV-blue sodium ortho-phosphate phosphors

P. M. Maleka, L. Reddy, T. J. Nkosi, A. Balakrishna, R. E. Kroon, H. C. Swart, O. M. Ntwaeaborwa

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14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cerium (Ce3+) doped sodium ortho-phosphate (NaMPO4) (M = Mg, Ca, Sr or Ba) were synthesized using solution combustion method. The phosphors were analyzed using X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM), Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, UV–vis spectroscopy and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. As confirmed from the XRD data, NaCaPO4 and NaBaPO4 crystallized in an orthorhombic phase, while NaMgPO4 and NaSrPO4 crystallized in a monoclinic phase. The SEM data showed that the particle morphology was influenced by alkaline earth metal ions. The PL data exhibited broad emission bands with different emission maxima in the energy range of 2.7–4.2 eV, i.e. in the near UV-blue region of the electromagnetic wave spectrum. The difference in the PL emission spectra that is associated with crystal field effect and other factors is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number117409
JournalJournal of Luminescence
Volume226
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020

Keywords

  • Alkaline earth sodium phosphate
  • Trivalent cerium ion
  • UV–Vis spectroscopy and photoluminescence
  • X-ray diffraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • General Chemistry
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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