Strength and ductility of simple supported R/C beams retrofitted with steel plates of different width-to-thickness ratios

S. M. Rakgate, M. Dundu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The concept of strengthening reinforced concrete beams using epoxy-bonded steel plates (EBSP) is a well-known solution in structural engineering, however, there is little information about the effect of the width-to-thickness ratio of steel plates on the behaviour of steel–concrete composite beams. This paper presents an experimental study of the flexural behaviour of under-reinforced concrete beams, strengthened in flexure by externally-bonded steel plates (EBSP) of varying width-to-thickness ratios. A total of 23 reinforced concrete beams were tested; 6 beams in Series 1 tests and 17 beams in Series 2 tests. One beam in Series 1 tests and two beams in Series 2 tests were regarded as control specimens, whilst the remaining beams were strengthened with steel plates of different width-to-thickness ratios. In each group, the width of the bonded steel plate varied from 75 mm to 175 mm, in increments of 25 mm. The beams were tested as simply supported, under two-point static loadings until failure. From the experimental results, it was observed that the externally bonded steel plates led to substantial increase in flexural stiffness, which resulted in an increase in the capacity and cracking load of the strengthened beams and a decrease in vertical deflections and crack-widths, compared to the control beams. It was also found that the width-to-thickness ratio of steel plates as low as 12.5 can promote flexural yielding and extensive ductility in strengthened beams.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)192-202
Number of pages11
JournalEngineering Structures
Volume157
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2018

Keywords

  • Composite beams
  • Epoxy-resin externally strengthened
  • Reinforced concrete beams
  • Steel plates
  • Width-to-thickness ratio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering

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