Speciation of inorganic selenium in environmental samples after suspended dispersive solid phase microextraction combined with inductively coupled plasma spectrometric determination

Luthando Nyaba, Joseph M. Matong, K. Mogolodi Dimpe, Philiswa N. Nomngongo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A rapid and effective suspended dispersive solid phase microextraction (SDSPME) was developed for the speciation of inorganic selenium using alumina nanoparticles functionalized with Aliquat-336. The target analytes were preconcentrated and determined by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry. Alumina nanoparticles were characterized using XRD, BET, SEM and EDX while the functionalized nano-Al2O3 was characterized by FTIR. The effect of pH of the solution on speciation Se in water samples was optimized separately. It was observed that when the pH values of sample solution ranged from 2.0 to 7.0, successful separation of inorganic Se species was achieved. The percentage recoveries for Se (IV) and Se (VI) were >90% and 5%, respectively. The two-level fractional factorial design was used to optimize experimental parameters affecting the preconcentration system. Under optimal conditions, the enrichment factor (EF), limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantification for Se (IV) were found to be 850, 1.4 ng L-1, and 4.6 ng L-1, respectively. Furthermore, intra-day and inter-day precisions expressed in terms of relative standard deviation (RSD) were found to be 1.9% and 3.3%, respectively. The effect of coexisting ions on the recovery of Se (IV) was investigated. The accuracy of the developed method was checked by analysis of standard reference material (NIST SRM 1643e). The optimized method was applied for the determination of targets in surface water samples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-180
Number of pages7
JournalTalanta
Volume159
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016

Keywords

  • Preconcentration
  • River water, dispersive solid phase microextraction
  • Selenium (IV)
  • Selenium (VI)
  • Speciation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Speciation of inorganic selenium in environmental samples after suspended dispersive solid phase microextraction combined with inductively coupled plasma spectrometric determination'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this